The study of the effect of the low molecular analog of neuropeptide Y on behavioral reactions in rats
Keywords:neuropeptide Y, stress, open field, elevated plus-maze, behavioral disorders
It is known that along with the main stress-adaptive systems, one of the decisive places is occupied by the biologically active peptide – neuropeptide Y (NPY). NPY is a biologically active compound of peptide nature, which is capable to activate 4 different subtypes of NPY receptors in mammals. The prevalence of NPY receptors determines that the system of NPY and NPY receptors is involved in the regulation of many physiological functions, including the feeling of satiety and hunger, circadian rhythms, response to stress, learning, regulation of the vascular tone, sleep, sexual behavior, etc.
Аim. To study the effect of the low molecular analog of neuropeptide Y on the behavioral response of rats in the tests “open field” and “elevated plus-maze”.
Materials and methods. The study object was a modified terminal NPY fragment containing 9 amino acid residues. The experimental animals received intranasally a solution of the peptide studied in the dose of 0.02 mg/kg, 0.05 mg/kg and 0.1 mg/kg. The pharmacological study of the effect of the compound on the behavioral reactions of rats was performed using the tests “open field” and “elevated plus-maze”.
Results. Experiments in rats showed the presence of anxiolytic properties of the compound without the associated sedative effect. In the tests “open field” and “elevated plus-maze”, the activating effect of the compound on the locomotor activity and a decrease in vegetative manifestations were observed.
Conclusions. The data obtained indicate that the neuropeptide Y modified fragment is able to affect the anxiety level and research activity of rats; it substantiates the feasibility of further studies of this experimental compound.
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