The microbiological analysis of the effectiveness of modern antiseptics and antimicrobial materials

O. A. Nazarchuk, V. G. Paliy, O. O. Gonchar, D. P. Oliynyk, G. G. Nazarchuk, I. G. Paliy

Abstract


Effectiveness of antiseptics decasan®(DC), chlorhexidine digluconate (CH), miramistin (MR), antimicrobial composition of decamethoxin (AMC, patent N 74853, Ukraine), antimicrobial dressings against isolated strains of S. aureus (n 32), E. coli (n 25), P. aeruginosa (n 20), C. albicans (n 16) in patients with diabetes having pyo-inflammatory complications has been researched. The antimicrobial properties of antiseptics have been studied by means of the serial dilutions method. The antimicrobial activity of dressings (1.0x1.0 cm), such as medical cotton impregnated with AMC; antiseptic overlay with CH (AOCH); Traumastem Biodress Disinfect®(TBD); activtex CH®, activtex CHF®, against clinical isolates of microorganisms has been studied on solid media. The bactericidal action against S. aureus in the presence of AMC (1.4±0.2 mkg/ml), DC (1.73±0.2 mkg/ml); CH (12.8±2.1 mkg/ml); MR (8.3±0.9 mkg/ml) has been found. The bactericidal properties of DC and MR in relation to E. coli in their concentrations of 6.68±0.71 and 17.9±1.9 mkg/ml, respectively, have been determined. AMC (4.9±0.5 mkg/ml) was six times more active than CH (p<0.001). The antipseudomonal action of DC against P. aeruginosa was 1.5 times higher than CH. AMC had also 2.8 times higher activity (p<0.001). The bactericidal action of MR was registered in the presence of 72.9±2.2 mkg/ml. It has been found that C. albicans is sensitive to AMC (7.4±1.9 mkg/ml), DC (14.6±1.9 mkg/ml), MR (26.0±3.6 mkg/ml). CH has a low effectiveness in relation to C. albicans (32.8±7.4 mkg/ml). Advantages of the antimicrobial activity of modern antimicrobial dressings with AMC against S. aureus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, fungi of Candida genus have been found.


Keywords


antiseptics; decasan®; miramistin; chlorhexidine; dressings; pyo-inflammatory processes

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GOST Style Citations






DOI: https://doi.org/10.24959/cphj.14.1324

Abbreviated key title: Klìn. farm.

ISSN 2518-1572 (Online), ISSN 1562-725X (Print)