Phytoneering medicines in the treatment of acute rhinosinusitis: an emphasis on effectiveness and safety of application
Keywords:acute rhinosinusitis, treatment, the drug “Sinupret®”, multivector pharmacodynamics, evidence-based medicine and pharmacy
The choice of an optimal drug is only one of the components of high-quality pharmacotherapy of acute rhinosinusitis, which is supplemented by providing a patient with full information about the action of the drug selected, its rational use and duration of drug administration, possible side effects, as well as drug and food interactions. There are no “good” or “bad” medicines because even the most effective drug can prove to be ineffective precisely through the wrong choice and insufficient information about its use. The solution to this problem will allow increasing not only the effectiveness, but also the safety of acute rhinosinusitis treatment. Today, phytoneering drugs occupy an important place in the treatment of patients with acute rhinosinusitis and have evidence-based effectiveness and safety. Thus, according to the EPOS 2020 recommendations, some herbal medicines are included into the treatment regimens for acute viral and post-viral rhinosinusitis with the level of evidence 1b by the GRADE methodology. A special place is occupied by the Sinupret products line manufactured by “BIONORIKA СE” company, Germany. All Sinupret drugs are related to the original plant raw material, the qualitative composition of the active substances that determine their pharmacological activity. “Sinupret®” contains standardized extracts of 5 plants: elder flowers (Sambucus nigra), primrose flowers (Primula versis), sorrel herb (Rumex acetosa), verbena herb (Verbena officinalis) and gentian root (Gentiana lutea). The high efficiency of each of the plants was confirmed by practical experience, and the therapeutic combination subsequently received a strong scientific basis. Due to the unique combination of biologically active substances of 5 medicinal plants “Sinupret®” exerts a versatile complex effect, breaking the “vicious circle” in rhinosinusitis. The pharmacodynamics of “Sinupret®” includes the following main effects: secretolytic and secretomotor, anti-inflammatory, anti-infective and immunomodulative. The administration of “Sinupret®” (taking into account the available pharmacodynamic effects) allows avoiding potentially problematic polypragmasia – simultaneous indication (in this context – unjustified) of several medicines to a patient, often for the treatment of the same symptom. This is especially true for the uncontrolled use of antibiotics without indications, and it has already led to the spread of such a dangerous phenomenon as antibiotic resistance all over the world.Conclusions. Considering the weighty data of evidence-based medicine the “Sinupret®” line medicines is an alternative choice for the treatment of persons with non-complicated acute rhinosinusitis.
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